Michigan

Instructions for PERSONAL PROTECTION FORMS for Michigan :

http://courts.mi.gov/Administration/SCAO/Forms/courtforms/personalprotectionorders/p02.pdf

Instructions for the legal process when using Forms:

1. CC 375 – Petition for Personal Protection Order (Domestic Relationship)

and

CC 376 – Personal Protection Order (Domestic Relationship)

2. CC 377 – Petition for Personal Protection Order Against Stalking (Non Domestic)

and

CC 380 – Personal Protection Order Against Stalking (Non Domestic)

3. CC 381 – Notice of Hearing on Petition for Personal Protection Order

IMPORTANT NOTICE

By using this forms packet you are representing yourself in a court action to get a personal protection order.

In order to receive the protection or action you seek, you must follow the instructions in this booklet and on

the forms. If you fail to do even one of the required steps, the order you get from the court could be ineffective

and you could remain unprotected.

The three most important things you will have to do are:

1) get the order signed by the judge.

2) provide legal notice of the court’s order to the person to be restrained.

3) follow up with the law enforcement agency to make sure they entered the order on LEIN.

This booklet will help you with these duties.

Here are some things you may need before you fill out the forms.

Forms and instructions.

Money to pay the costs of serving papers on the restrained person. Service may cost between

$10.00 and $100.00.

Information about the person to be restrained such as name, date of birth, age, address, place

of employment, physical description, etc.

Copies of divorce, annulment, separate maintenance, paternity, support, custody or any other

judgments or orders involving you and the person you want restrained.

Notarized, written statements from witnesses if there are any.

• Copies of supporting documents or materials (reports from police, social agencies,

doctors, or hospitals) if there are any. This information is important for the judge in

making a decision, but is not necessary for the judge to enter an order.

Now complete the forms that fit your situation. If you don’t understand something on the forms, ask

the circuit court clerk to explain the terms or process to you.

After you have filled out the forms, go to the Table of Contents on the front of this booklet and find out

which pages you need to read for directions on how to get your personal protection order. Read these

instructions carefully. You are acting as your own attorney and these instructions will help you

with the legal process. The laws of Michigan do not allow the employees of the court or the judge

to give you legal advice.

If you require special accommodations to use the court because of a disability, please contact the court

immediately to make arrangements.

Page 2

Follow these steps if you have requested an ex parte order (order without a

hearing) on Form CC 375 or Form CC 377.

1. Fill out the forms that apply to your situation using the instructions on the forms.

2. File the Petition and Order form with the county clerk.

Take the forms to the circuit court clerk in the county where you are seeking the order. Bring 3 sets

of statements from witnesses and supporting documents if you have any.

The circuit court clerk will finish filling out the form, will attach your written statements and

supporting documents to the proper copies, and will return copies of both forms to you. Do

not lose these copies.

What you should have when you leave the clerk’s office:

Green, Blue, Pink, and Yellow copies of CC 375 or CC 377

All 6 copies of CC 376 or CC 380

3. Get the order signed.

Ask the circuit court clerk for instructions to the judge’s office. Go to the judge’s office as

soon as possible. Leave the green copy of the petition form (with attachments) and all copies

of the order form with the judge’s staff. Ask when to come back for the signed order.

What you should have when you leave the judge’s office:

Blue, Pink, and Yellow copies of CC 375 or CC 377 and 1 set of attachments for yourself.

Do not lose these copies and the attached materials; you will need them later.

4. Pick up the signed order from the judge.

If the judge’s office does not send the order to the circuit court clerk, go back to the judge’s

office on the day and time you were told to pick up the signed order.

What you should have when you leave the judge’s office:

White, Green, Blue, Pink, Yellow, and Goldenrod copies of CC 376 or CC 380

If the judge will not sign the order without a hearing, he or she must state the reasons in

writing at that time. Ask for a copy of these written reasons. If you are told you can request

a hearing and want to schedule one, return to the circuit court clerk to do so (see page 5).

5. Return to the circuit court clerk.

Unless the order form was already sent to the clerk by the judge’s office, return to the clerk’s

office with:

White, Green, Blue, Pink, Yellow, and Goldenrod copies of CC 376 or CC 380

Blue and Yellow copies of CC 375 or CC 377

The circuit court clerk will stamp the order, keep the original and green copy and return 4

copies to you. The clerk will send a true copy of the order to the law enforcement agency.

If you want to take the order to the law enforcement agency also, the clerk will make a

true copy for you.

6. Serve the petition and signed order on the respondent.

What you need for service:

Blue copies of CC 375 and CC 376 or CC 377 and CC 380 – for respondent

Yellow copies of CC 375 and CC 376 or CC 377 and CC 380 – for proof of service

Goldenrod copy of CC 376 or CC 380 – for proof of service

The respondent must be served (notified) as soon as possible: 1) by registered mail return

receipt requested, with restricted delivery to the respondent; or 2) in person. You may serve

the respondent by first class mail only if you get permission from the judge. See page 7 for

details on service.

After the respondent has been served, fill out the Proofs of Service on the back of the yellow

copies of both the petition and order forms and on the back of the goldenrod copy of the order

form and attach the receipt of service to the yellow copies, if one. All copies must be

notarized.

Return to the county clerk with the yellow copies of CC 375 and CC 376 or CC 377 and

CC 380 and the goldenrod copy of CC 376 or CC 380.

7. Call the police or sheriff to be sure they received the order and entered it onto LEIN.

The circuit court clerk will send the green copy of your order to the law enforcement agency

stated in the order even if you take a copy to them yourself. A few days after the order was

signed, call the police or sheriff department named in the order to be sure they have a record

of the order and that it has been entered onto LEIN. If they don’t have the order, call the circuit

court clerk and ask where it is. The order is enforceable as soon as it is signed by the judge.

What to do if you change your mind about the personal protection order.

If the personal protection order has not been signed by the judge yet and you don’t want to

get a personal protection order, fill out form CC 378, Motion and Order to Dismiss Action

for Personal Protection Order. Ask the circuit court clerk for a copy of the form.

If the personal protection order has already been signed by the judge and you want to cancel

the order or get it changed, fill out form CC 379, Motion to Modify, Extend or Terminate

Personal Protection Order. Ask the circuit court clerk for a copy of the form.

Follow these steps if you have NOT requested an ex parte order on Form CC

375 or CC 377. If you already filled out the petition and the judge refused to issue

an ex parte order, go to step 3.

1. Fill out the forms that apply to your situation using the instructions on the forms.

2. File the Petition forms with the circuit court clerk.

Take the forms to the circuit court clerk in the county where you live. Bring 3 sets of

statements from witnesses and supporting documents if you have any. The circuit court clerk

will finish filling out the form, will attach your written statements and supporting documents

to the proper copies, and will return copies of the form to you. Do not lose these copies.

3. Ask for a hearing.

Ask the clerk to schedule a hearing. The clerk will give you a Notice of Hearing (Form CC

381) to fill out. The clerk will tell you if there are any other things you must do to schedule

the hearing. The clerk will give you copies of this form and a blank Form CC 376 or CC 380.

What you should have when you leave the clerk’s office:

Blue, Pink, and Yellow copies of both CC 375 or CC 377, 1 set of attachments for yourself,

and CC 381

Blank Form CC 376 or CC 380 for filling out at or before your hearing

4. Serve the petition and the notice of hearing on the respondent.

What you need for service:

Blue copies of CC 375 or CC 377 and CC 381 – for respondent

Yellow copies of CC 375 or CC 377 and CC 381 – for proof of service

The respondent must be served (notified) at least 1 day before the hearing date: 1) by

registered mail return receipt requested, with restricted delivery to the respondent; or 2) in

person. You may serve the respondent by first class mail only if you get permission from the

judge. See page 7 for details on service.

After the respondent has been served, fill out the Proofs of Service on the back of the yellow

copies of both the petition and notice of hearing forms and attach the receipt of service, if one.

Both copies must be notarized.

5. Return to the circuit court clerk.

Return to the clerk’s office with the yellow copies of CC 375 or CC 377 and CC 381.

6. Fill out Form CC 376 or CC 380 and attend a hearing.

Fill out the order form before the date of the hearing. Instructions are included with the form.

You must attend the hearing. Bring all 6 copies of the order form with you to the hearing.

If the respondent attends the hearing, ask the court to make arrangements to serve him or

her right after the hearing. See page 8 for details on the hearing.

After the hearing, return to the circuit court clerk with:

White, Green, Blue, Pink, Yellow, and Goldenrod copies of CC 376 or CC 380

The circuit court clerk will stamp the order, keep the original and green copy and return 4

copies to you. The clerk will serve the order on the law enforcement agency. If you want

to take the order to the law enforcement agency also, the clerk will make a true copy

for you.

7. Serve the signed order on the respondent.

What you need for service:

Blue copy of CC 376 or CC 380 – for respondent

Yellow copy of CC 376 or CC 380 – for proof of service

Goldenrod copy of CC 376 or CC 380 – for proof of service

The respondent must be served (notified) with the blue copy of the signed order as soon as

possible. If the respondent is not served after the hearing or did not attend the hearing, serve

the order by registered mail return receipt requested or in person. You need permission from

the judge to serve the order by first class mail. See page 7 for details on service.

After the respondent has been served with the order, fill out the Proofs of Service on the back

of both the yellow copy and the goldenrod copy of the order form and attach the receipt of

service to the yellow copy, if one. Both copies must be notarized.

Return to the circuit court clerk with:

Yellow copy of 376 or CC 380 and the Goldenrod copy of CC 376 or CC 380

8. Call the police or sheriff to be sure they received the order and entered it onto LEIN.

The circuit could clerk will send the green copy of your order to the law enforcement agency

stated in the order even if you take a copy to them yourself. A few days after the order was

signed, call the police or sheriff department named in the order to be sure they have a record

of the order and that it has been entered onto LEIN. If they don’t have the order, call the circuit

court clerk and ask where it is. The order is enforceable as soon as it is signed by the judge.

What to do if you change your mind about the personal protection order.

If the personal protection order has not been signed by the judge yet and you don’t want to

get a personal protection order, fill out form CC 378, Motion and Order to Dismiss Action

for Personal Protection Order. Ask the circuit court clerk for a copy of the form.

If the personal protection order has already been signed by the judge and you want to cancel

the order or get it changed, fill out form CC 379, Motion to Modify, Extend or Terminate

Personal Protection Order. Ask the circuit court clerk for a copy of the form.

How to Serve Copies of Forms

• To serve the respondent in person, you can either pay a process server or sheriff or have

a willing friend or relative do it for you. You cannot serve the respondent yourself. If you

can’t pay the service fee for a process server, have a friend or relative do it. If you choose

a friend or relative to serve the papers, they must be over 18 years old. Pick a friend who will

not be a witness in the case. If a friend or relative serves the papers, proof of service must

be notarized. Personal service takes from several days to several weeks.

Give the process server or your friend:

Blue copies – for respondent

Goldenrod copy – for law enforcement

Yellow copies – for proof of service

Once the blue copies of the forms are delivered to the respondent, the person who did the

serving must fill out the Proofs of Service and return them to the county clerk as explained

on pages 4 through 6. If a friend or relative served the forms, get the forms notarized.

If these copies come back to you instead, take them to the circuit court clerk as soon as

possible.

• To serve the respondent by registered mail with delivery restricted to the respondent, go

to the post office and pay to have the blue copies of the forms mailed to the respondent.

Service by mail is cheaper than hiring a process server. It takes from several days to a week.

Once the forms have been delivered, you will receive a green card (the return receipt) in the

mail. Make sure the respondent signed the green card. Make a copy of the return receipt.

Attach the original return receipt to the yellow copies of the petition and order form. Attach

the copied return receipt to the goldenrod copy of the order.

• If you are unable to serve the respondent as indicated above, you may ask the court for

permission to serve by first class mail or another method. Ask the circuit court clerk for

form MC 303, Motion and Verification for Alternate Service. Fill out the form and file it with

the circuit court clerk. If the judge permits alternate service, Form MC 304 (Order for

Alternate Service) will be prepared by the court and you can then serve the petition and/or

other forms in the manner the court approves.

If service by first class mail was approved by the court, place the blue copy of the form in

an envelope. Then go to the post office to get it mailed. Ask for a postal receipt. Service

by first class mail is cheaper than registered mail or personal service and takes from several

days to a week. Fill out proofs of service as explained.

Information About the Hearing

If you require special accommodations to use the court because of disabilities, please contact the

court immediately to make arrangements.

1. If the circuit court clerk tells you a hearing is required, go to the judge’s court room on the

scheduled day and time. Dress neatly. Get there 10 or 15 minutes early. Be prepared to spend

most of the morning or afternoon in court.

2. Bring all copies of your papers with you including the personal protection order form. Bring

paper and a pencil so you can make notes. Bring witnesses willing to testify if you have any.

3. Go into the courtroom and tell the clerk (sitting near the judge’s bench) your name, that you

are there for a hearing, and you are representing yourself. Hand the personal protection order

form to the clerk and then take a seat in the back of the courtroom and wait for your case to

be called.

4. When your case is called, go to the podium and clearly tell the judge:

1) your name

2) that you are representing yourself

3) that you need a personal protection order or that you are asking that a personal

protection order be modified or terminated and the reasons why

4) whether you have witnesses in court who are willing to testify

Answer the judge’s questions clearly and directly. If the judge wants to hear from other

witnesses, ask them to tell the court what they saw or know regarding your situation.

5. If the other party is in court, he or she will have a chance to speak also. When the other party

talks, take notes. Do not try to interrupt the other party. After the other party speaks, you

will have another chance to talk. Taking notes will help you with this.

6. If the judge says that the order is granted, he or she will complete the order and sign it and

return it to you. After the order is signed, go to the clerk and ask for true copies of the order.

Then serve the order.

7. If the judge does not grant the order, he or she will state the reasons on the record and complete

an Order Denying or Dismissing Petition for Personal Protection Order (form CC 383). You

will be given a copy of the signed order.